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Food

Artichokes

Foods / Artichokes

About This Food

Description

Artichokes are a European staple with more than 40 varieties in existence. The delicate and delicious vegetable is actually an unopened flower bud from a thistle-like plant called Cynara scolymus.

The vegetable flowers are picked and eaten before they turn into a “real” flower and consists of three parts. The overlapping outer leaves are tough and inedible at the tip, but fleshy and tender at the base, the inedible choke, or thistle, which is enclosed within a light-colored cone of immature leaves, and the round, firm-fleshed base called the "heart".

Artichokes are rich in fiber, magnesium and vitamin C, as well as a phytonutrient called luteolin that may help to reduce cholesterol.

Glycemic Index=15
Glycemic Load=0
Antioxidant Score (ORAC)=6,552

 

Selecting & Storing

Globe artichokes are available year-round, with the peak season from March through May. Buy deep green, heavy-for-their-size artichokes with a tight leaf formation. The leaves should "squeak" when pressed together. Heavy browning on an artichoke usually indicates it's beyond its prime. Store unwashed artichokes in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to 4 days; wash just before cooking. Artichoke hearts are available frozen and canned; artichoke bottoms are available canned.

Special diets
  • AIP Diet
  • Elimination Diet
  • Gluten-Free Diet
  • Gluten-Free/Dairy-Free Diet
  • Grain-Free Diet
  • High Protein Diet
  • Low Histamine Diet
  • Low Lectin Diet
  • Paleo Diet (Light)
  • Paleo Diet (Strict)
  • Pescetarian Diet
  • Primal Diet
  • Vegetarian Diet
  • Whole Foods
Benefits
Excellent Source of
Good Source of
Preferences
  • No Fish
  • No Red Meat
  • No Pork
  • No Eggs
  • No Shellfish
  • No Gluten
  • No Nuts
  • No Seeds
  • No Soy
  • No Dairy
  • No Poultry
  • No Corn
  • No Yeast
  • No Peanuts
  • No Molds
  • No Citrus
  • No Pseudograins
  • No Coconut
  • No Nightshade
  • No Legumes
  • No Grains
  • Low Carbohydrate
  • Low Cholesterol
  • Low Fat
  • Low Sodium
  • Low Sugars
  • Low Saturated Fat
Nutrition & Macros
Nutrition Information

Serving size: 1 cup(s) hearts

Chart Icon. View Calorie Breakdown

Calories: 0

Omega-6 / Omega-3 ratio: 0 : 1

Macronutrients
Amount
Total Fat
0 g
Saturated Fat
0 g
Monounsaturated Fat
0 g
Polyunsaturated Fat
0 g
Trans Fat
0 g
Essential Fatty Acids (Omega-3)
0 g
ALA
0 mg
EPA
0 mg,
DHA
0 mg,
Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA)
0 mg
Cholesterol
0 mg
Total Carbohydrate
0 g
Net Carbohydrate
0 g
Sugars
0 g
Fiber
0 g
Protein
0 g
Sugar Alcohols
0 g
Vitamins
Amount
% Daily Value*
Vitamin A
0 IU
0%
Vitamin C
0 mg
0%
Vitamin D
0 IU
0%
Vitamin E
0 IU
0%
Vitamin B6
0 mg
0%
Vitamin B12
0 mcg
0%
Vitamin K
0 mg
0%
Folate
0 mcg
0%
Niacin
0 mg
0%
Riboflavin
0 mg
0%
Thiamin
0 mg
0%
Choline
0 mg
0%
Minerals
Calcium
0 mg
0%
Copper
0 mg
0%
Iron
0 mg
0%
Magnesium
0 mg
0%
Manganese
0 mg
0%
Phosphorous
0 mg
0%
Potassium
0 mg
0%
Selenium
0 mcg
0%
Sodium
0 mg
0%
Zinc
0 mg
0%
Phytonutrients
Alpha-carotene
0 mcg
Beta-carotene
0 mcg
Beta-cryptoxanthin
0 mcg
Lutein + zeaxanthin
0 mcg
Lycopene
0 mcg

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